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经济崩盘摧毁委内瑞拉的汽车工业

hxyxm 于2019-11-21发布 l 已有人浏览
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瓦伦西亚曾经是委内瑞拉的工业重镇,但现在已是一座空城,汽车组装是瓦伦西亚经济的主要动力,如今各个汽车工厂濒临倒闭。
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Economic Collapse Decimates Venezuela's Car Industry

经济崩溃摧毁委内瑞拉的汽车工业

A row of floodgates, brass and metal parts and weeds growing in the factory yards are the postcards of Valencia,

一排排闸门、黄铜和金属零件以及工厂院子里长的杂草,这些景象已经成为瓦伦西亚的名片。

香港本港台现场报码the once industrial city of Venezuela is now an empty city with few companies and no workers.

瓦伦西亚曾经是委内瑞拉的工业重镇,但现在已是一座空城,没有多少公司,也没有工人。

香港本港台现场报码Current operating companies are at a 20 percent capacity from having 13,000 companies operating nationwide now we have 2,500 that are working.

目前的运营公司只发挥了其产能的20%,以前我们全国有13000家公司运营,现在只剩2500家。

The main driver of the economy in Valencia was the assembly of cars and companies like General Motors, Ford and Chrysler, a relationship that began back in the 60s.

瓦伦西亚经济的主要动力是汽车组装,依赖通用汽车、福特和克莱斯勒等公司,这种关系始于上个世纪60年代。

Their facilities are abandoned in the industrial zone of Valencia.

这些公司现在把设施遗弃在瓦伦西亚的工业区。

Ford and Chrysler have not produced a vehicle unit in the last year。

福特和克莱斯勒去年没有在委内瑞拉生产一辆汽车。

Economic experts explained that 80% of Venezuelan companies had to decrease their lines of productions this year.

经济专家解释说,今年80%的委内瑞拉公司不得不减少生产线。

During the first trimester of 2019, only 65 cars were built here.

2019年前三个月,总共只生产了65辆汽车。

Between 2005 to 2008, Valencia built about 170,000 vehicles per year and imported others due to the high demand.

香港本港台现场报码2005年至2008年间,由于需求量大,瓦伦西亚每年生产约17万辆汽车,还要进口其他汽车。

Years ago, this industrial city was very productive.

多年前,这座工业城市生产效率很高,

Right now it has declined。

但现在已经衰落了。

There are companies that have closed. The few that are still here have a very small staff.

有些公司已经倒闭了,少数仍在运营的也没有多少员工。

They're closing their doors because of the economic situation.

因为经济形势的缘故,这些公司也濒临倒闭。

香港本港台现场报码Gregorio Briceno worked his entire life in the automotive industry today he is unemployed.

格雷戈里奥·布里塞诺在汽车行业工作了一辈子,现在他也失业了。

General Motors used to produce 200 to more than 300 vehicles per day。

通用汽车过去每天生产200至300多辆汽车。

Eeverything is paralyzed today。

今天一切都瘫痪了。

香港本港台现场报码Although industry executives blame the drastic decrease in production on lack of access to parts and materials for the cars, price controls and companies seized by the government,

尽管汽车业高管将生产的大幅下降归咎于汽车零部件和原材料的缺乏、价格控制和被政府查封的公司,

president Nicolas Maduro has assured he will help the industry to get back on its feet.

但总统尼古拉斯·马杜罗保证,他将帮助汽车业重新站稳脚跟。

You already know us. I'm talking to the private entrepreneurs in the country.

你们已经认识我们了。我在和这个国家的私营企业家谈话。

You know who we are. You know who I am, and you know you can count on me not only now, you can count on me forever.

你知道我们是谁。你知道我是谁,你知道你不仅现在可以依靠我,你还可以永远依靠我。

香港本港台现场报码So, we can do a united process of development。

所以,我们可以携手共同推动发展进程。

The auto industry is not the only one affected by a deteriorating economy.

受经济恶化影响的不仅仅是汽车业。

In the last five years 44 international companies such as Kellogg's and Firestone have left Venezuela, mostly because of the difficulties of operating in the country。

在过去的五年里凯洛格和凡士通等44家国际公司已经撤出委内瑞拉,主要原因是在委内瑞拉经营困难。

For Adrina Nunez Rabascall in Valencia, Venezuela, Cristina Caicedo Smit Narrates, VOA News, Washington。

阿德丽娜·努内斯·拉巴斯卡尔,委内瑞拉瓦伦西亚实地采访,克里斯蒂娜·凯塞多·斯密特美国之音华盛顿报道。

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